Les Grands Crus Classés

Wednesday, 04 March 2020

The Arcachon Bay, place of residence of Villa la Tosca, is located at 45 km from the most beautiful Bordelais vineyards. You can enjoy your stay in the region thanks to the wonders that the Atlantic Ocean offers and the treasures of the wine-sector. Bordeaux is famous for being the world capital of wine and vineyards, this reputation is due to the vineyards which extend in the Saint-Emilionnais and where you canfind the Grands Crus Classés of Bordeaux, named like this since the 19th century.

The history of the Bordeaux Grands Crus Classification dates officially since 1855 under the reign of Napoléon III. On Universal Exposition of Paris of the same year, Napoléon III wanted to establish a classification which would present wines in Gironde. To do this, Lodi-Martin Duffour-Dubergier,president of the Chamber of Commerce of Bordeaux, wine merchant and owner of the Château Smith Haut Lafite and Château Gironville also, reached out to wine brokers who established them on the average contribution of wines during these last vintages.

This classification will form in two ways: a classification for red wines and another for white wines. Wines are classified about their importance from First to Fifth “cru”.

All red wines come from the Médoc region except the Château Haut-Brion which is produced in the Graves. In total, 61 red crus have been classified according to five categories, from first to fifth Grand Cru Classé, and 27 white crus have been classified from Premier Cru Supérieur to Deuxièmes Grands Crus Classés of Sauternes and Barsac.

This classification of 1855 is at the origin, the idea to create a new classification for wines. It had only two modifications since its creation and become official in 1959 where 16 Châteaux are finally recognized.


 Tell us in the comments which classified wine you have already tasted or which wine you would like to taste !